Download A Grammar of Tundra Nenets by Irina Nikolaeva PDF

By Irina Nikolaeva

The ebook is the 1st great description of Tundra Nenets, a Uralic language spoken in Western Siberia and the north of eu Russia. It presents an enduring piece of documentation of this hugely endangered language. For a language as little researched as Nenets, any element of grammar could turn out to be of capability value for the sphere of linguistics and switch out to be theoretically tough.

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Sʹanako- ‘to play’ > sʹanaku (3SG), ləbcʹo- ‘to stick together’ > ləbcʹi (3SG). g. xonʹo- ‘to sleep’ > xoni (3SG). 3 Reflexive stem The reflexive stem (called ‘special finite stem’ in Salminen 1997) provides a basis for inflection in the reflexive conjugation. It is formed in the following way. g. 3SG). 3DU). The alteration verbs do not have a reflexive stem, the general finite stem is used in the reflexive conjugation. 4 Remarks on prosodic structure The rules of stress assignment are presented here after Salminen (1997).

That is, they occur exclusively at morpheme boundaries. Only some frequent processes are listed below, for more information see Salminen (1997: 57–68). 1 Phonologically conditioned processes Processes belonging to this type only occur at the edge of morphemes but apply in all morphological contexts, that is, in all morphemes. First, the sonorant m is realized as the glide w before vowels. g. xamada- ‘to prepare’ where m is in the root. g. in the formation of perfective participles: the participial suffix -mi° is realized as -wi° after a vowel-final stem, cf.

E. ’ (Labanauskas 1995: 9) Note that in (25c) the object is a referential null that must trigger agreement on the verb. 5) and has emphatic function (Chapter 12, Section 3). The latter is not characteristic of the predestinative. 1) and participles (Chapter 16, Section 3). 2 Adjectives As mentioned in Salminen (1993: 261, 1997), Tundra Nenents adjectives are identical to nouns with respect to their inflectional properties. However, they can be classified as a separate category on the basis of derivational, syntactic and (partly) semantic criteria.

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