By The Strategic Posture Review Commission
How you can safe the nuclear peace is still probably the most profound questions of the trendy period. 20 years after the tip of the chilly conflict and with the arriving of a brand new management in Washington, it's time to imagine via primary questions about the needs of nuclear deterrence and the nature of the U.S. strategic posture. whereas the existential danger to the USA has diminished, the emerging hazard of catastrophic terrorism, the ownership and unfold of nuclear guns via different states, and a common around the world nuclear renaissance proceed to steer judgements approximately the United States s strategic posture. spotting the altering personality of those threats, Congress shaped a fee in 2008 to check the U.S. long term strategic posture and make innovations. For greater than 11 months this bipartisan fee of top specialists on nationwide protection, palms regulate, and nuclear expertise met with Congressional leaders, army officials, high-level officers of numerous nations, hands keep an eye on teams, and technical specialists to evaluate the proper roles for nuclear guns, nonproliferation courses, and missile defenses. This professional variation encompasses a dialogue of key questions and matters in addition to the fee s findings and proposals for tailoring U.S. strategic posture to new and rising requisites because the global strikes towards a proliferation tipping aspect.
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Additional info for America's Strategic Posture: the final report of the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States
S. policy and capabilities. Updating this approach requires going back to the fundamental question about the purposes for which the United States retains nuclear weapons. In a basic sense, the principal function of nuclear weapons has not changed in decades: deterrence. The United States has these weapons in order to create the conditions in which they are never used. But the Commission takes a very broad view of the concept of deterrence, encompassing many elements. One crucial element is extended deterrence and the assurance this provides to allies and partners of the United States.
One is to replace existing systems becoming obsolete. The other is to try to compensate for structural weaknesses in conventional forces. We note that Russian ambitions to modernize will be inhibited so long as the current collapse of energy prices continues. The current strategic modernization program includes various elements. Russia is at work on a new intercontinental ballistic missile (initially deployed with a new single warhead but capable of carrying multiple warheads), a new ballistic missile submarine and the associated new missile and warhead, a new short-range ballistic missile, and low-yield tactical nuclear weapons including an earth penetrator.
S. nuclear force can be traced back through the nuclear era. A short list of these includes the following: • Nuclear weapons are special weapons and not just more powerful versions of high-explosive munitions. • Nuclear weapons are for deterrence and would be used only as a last resort. S. nuclear forces must not be inferior to those of another power. • Nuclear forces support security commitments to key allies. • A triad of strategic nuclear forces is valuable for its resilience, survivability, and flexibility.